Dr. Sigmund Freud,

        Let me first start by giving you a brief introduction, my name is Jaquetta R Stevens, I am in my final year with Argosy University, and I have to say that I am pleased to write to you, after reviewing your three essential concepts of Psychoanalytic theory, I felt a strong need to reach out to you through this letter.  I find your logic to be most interesting and often times hard to grasp. The three essential concepts that you discussed were extremely interesting, In addition, I was most convinced of some of the arguments you brought up in your text.  Although I am strongly persuaded on some of these concepts, I felt that some areas were dismissed and possibly overlooked in error. I took the time to share some of my concerns in this letter in detail below.

  • Unconscious

    It is clear that you Dr. Freud were responsible for the notion of the conscious verse of the unconscious mind. I personally felt that it was a great addition to add to psychology. I like to focus on the argument that you have made in 1905, which suggested that the unconscious mind consist of the mental process that is not accessible by the conscious mind. In addition, this stores an individual thoughts, memories, and feelings that would be traumatic or disturbing.  It’s quite clear that this is the main source of an individual’s behavior. After reflecting on the information reviewed, in the Freud unconscious concept, it is explained that the unconscious is a function of the personality an individual may have no awareness about.

     In addition,” this would be the inclusion of the infantile desires, demands, ones wishes, and needs that are hidden away because of one’s disturbing nature of the conscious awareness” Feldman, 2011 p. 21).  To simplify this notion, Dr. Freud you suggests that most of human behavior was encouraged by unconscious conflict that had grown from an early stage of childhood (Martin, 2006).  After understanding this logic, I have to be in agreement with the notion provided.  My reasons are because the unconscious does repress the pleasure principle, primitive drives, and dreams (Solms, 2004).  Research has revealed that individuals occasionally perceive things without the conscious awareness (Greenwald, 1992). For example, I would like to focus on a case that was found in recent text. It shared support that the concept of the unconscious cognitive processes, does affect how individuals respond to their environments (Loftus, et.al, p.761). The research provided for this concept only proves that the concept works in an individual’s everyday life.

Psychosexual Stages of Development

    Dr. Sigmund Freud you suggested that psychological development in a young child’s upbringing happens in fixed stages. These stages would be called psychosexual stages of development.  The stage of development was one that Sigmund Freud battled, that development takes place in five stages characterized by influential-means of achieving libidinal which is noted as (erotic) pleasure. There’s the oral stage, anal stage, phallic stage, the latency stage, and the genital stage (Buther et.al, 2009, p. 75). The provided information given for this logic gives more clarity on how Dr. Freud explains that inappropriate gratification during each stage is extremely important if an individual wants to avoid being stuck or fixated at a level.

   It is believed by Freud that an individual’s life is brought up by tension and pleasure. In my most humble opinion, the psychosexual stage of development concept is not solid logic. In addition it seems a bit sexist; I would have to say that my belief is that sexual instinct is primarily on heterosexual fulfillment and not at all about self pleasure. I have to also add that I feel that the stages of development indeed stimulate adaptive behaviors in human beings in today’s society. Let’s not forget from an opposing side, the feminist group that had to make it known to Freud that they did not have a penis. It is now widely viewed that Freud’s sexuality views on women were incorrect. I have to say that the lowest point in Freud’s character came from women in the 1990’s, which were on talk shows expressing how they had been sexually abused in their childhood dredged from their unconscious. I feel that this is a point that has to be considered in this logic presented.

Structure of Personality

     Freud came up with the notion that the structure of personality is a lone entity that consists of three facets which are described as ego, id, and superego. Freud explains that the id has to be structured to fulfill social demands and this can cause conflict with the individuals unfulfilled community norms and wishes. However, when it comes to ego and superego, these personalities have to be developed in order to implement restrain and direct that individuals need for satisfaction in public appropriate channels.

    It’s suggested that satisfaction centers various part of an individual’s body at different stages of development.  This will make conflict in each stage of an individual’s psychosexual (Feldman, 2011, p. 22).  Conflicts among any of these three personalities, and ones attempt to find balance of what each one desires, decides how an individual’s behaves and views the world. Freud’s concept of the personality seeks to address its accountability. When it comes to this concept, I have to say with all due respect, that I am not in full agreement with the logic; I personally feel that there is not enough empirical evidence to support Freud’s view on id, ego, and superego. In addition, I have to say that the modern psychology does not support substantial evidence for the claims. Barbara Krahe, (2012) stated that present research findings on theoretical and methodological developments as a result from various challenges to traditional personality theory, such as different approaches to the trait concept (1992).  Her conclusion was that any particularly, social psychology, can supply answers to questions that are not adequately addressed in personality research majority.

       After reflecting on Freud’s three most essential concepts, I have to say that unconscious indeed displays accountability.  The psychosexual stages of development do not display any accountability. Finally, I have to say that the structure of personality has some truths but not all factual. In addition, I would like to include that two of the concepts provided are out of date and this is not something that can be taken seriously, if the suggestion is provided are not up to date to standard. In all things there has to be solid facts that can support the logic of each notion.

    Free association is a psychoanalytical therapy utilized technique, which will assist a patient in learning what he or she is thinking and feeling. Sigmund Freud was one that utilized this technique when it came to aiding his patients when discovering their own unconscious feelings and thoughts that may have been ignored. Freud’s patients were in touch with these feelings and thoughts, and these individuals were able to handle their thoughts which prevented actions of unacceptable behaviors. In addition, I would like to also speak on dream interpretation which is also another psychoanalytic behavior of an individual’s dreams by identifying and translating them. The psychoanalytic therapy will help Freud’s patients expand their unconscious.


Adler, J. (2006). Freud in our midst. NEWSWEEK-INTERNATIONAL EDITION-2006, 34.

Buther, J., Mineka, S., Hooley, J. (2009) Abnormal Psychology, 14th Edition. Pearson Learning Solutions, [Vital Source Bookshelf Online]. Retrieved from http://digitalbookshelf.argosy.edu/#/books/1133086713/

Feldman, R. (2011).  Child Development, 6th Edition. Pearson Learning Solutions, [Vital Source Bookshelf Online]. Retrieved from http://digitalbookshelf.argosy.edu/#/books/1133086713/

Loftus, Elizabeth F., and Mark R. Klinger. “Is the unconscious smart or dumb?.” American Psychologist 47, no. 6 (1992): 761.