When it comes to ageing memory has been one of the most talked about topics, especially when it comes to understanding the brain as human beings become older. Many believe that memory will decrease overtime due to age; knowing how the body works and some of its changes, I would assume this is something that would happen after reaching a certain point in life. However, there were many individuals who have aged and were still able to recall most situations over time. These individuals of course were those who kept their memory in shape by working on different techniques that would insure that their brain would get the required exercise it needed to recall back situations.
From research, it left me questionable about how the brain works especially when it comes to ageing. Over the year’s scientist have studied the brain to understand how it works. In addition how brain cells played a major role when it comes to ageing. It is a fact that the human brain shrinks over time as we age; in this case, the cells are lessened and this can cause issues with memory and aging. When this occurs the individual will suffer from forgetfulness and it may be difficult for them to perform their daily task at home or on the job (NIH, 2016). It must not be forgotten that memory issues does not only happen as an aging sign, but it also could be due to more serious illnesses.
Focusing on healthy individuals, I have planned to conduct a study on the most affected change due to brain shrinkage as we age. This would be the encoding of information which causes memory issues among human beings. From research, there have been numerous studies that will prove that as we age, that memory loss is one of the top issues when it comes to aging. When we think of how the brain functions, we must understand that aging plays just as much of a role. It was stated that “Much research has indicated that aging is accompanied by decrements in memory performance across a wide variety of tasks and situations. A dominant perspective is that these age differences reflect normative changes in the integrity and efficiency of the information-processing system (Hess, 2005). Although we speak on aging as a whole, we must not forget that aging comes in various age groups and various circumstances. Knowing this information, we must understand that this can have a negative or a positive effect on a human beings state of mind.
The article that I have decided to implement in this research reveals the truth in regard s to the correlation of memory and ageing. The study will concentrate on memory and that the result should implement more approaches that are multidimensional when it comes to memory and ageing (Hess, 2005). I will start by having two different age groups of men and women. In each group I will work with a set of fifteen women and men test subjects in each group. The first group of fifteen will be above the age 60. The second group of fifteen will be below the age of 50. My goal is to make sure that each group shows at least a ten year difference. The differences in age will help me focus on the physical size of the brain and the activity of the memory functions (Whitbourne &Whitbourne, 2011).
When testing the memory of these two groups, I will be implementing the word stem completion/ indirect and recall/direct aspects. My expectations should be that the younger age group should outperform the older age group when it comes to the exercise free recall. When working with the word stem completion, I do believe that the scores should be on the same level. From research it provides the notion that the older group should have an easier time remembering events that have happened further back in time. This was something that I have always wondered when it came to the elderly; many of the elderly generation have such a great memory when it comes to describing things that has happened in the past. However, they struggle to forget in this time the things that have taken place unless it has left a great impact on their lives. It reminds me of how most believed the more something affected you in the past or present, the bigger the impact and more chance that you would recall that situation. These two groups will have different interest but have similar educational backgrounds.
When it comes to design I plan to implement the cross-sectional; my goal is to pick my test subjects from the same area of residence, and It is required that all test subject be high school educated and have received a high school diploma or GED. All subjects are required to have vision of at least 20/30 with or without corrective lenses. I plan on holding up 25 short words for each group one at a time that is six letters long. The shorter the words the better chance for remembering the sets and it is an even play field for the older and younger group. From this point, each group will be asked to complete the word stem with the first words they recall after the second screening. Although memory will fade with age there is not a way to determine for sure how it will affect each individual.
I do believe after the test has been conducted over time the score will only improve. My reasons are simply because the more the brain is active in these exercises each individual will improve memory because the muscle is being implemented. It is quite clear that the more active the muscle, the better chance of memory gain and improved scores during testing. It is quite the same as learning how to walk and talk; after we have grasped this technique we only get better! This is simply because we do this every single day from the time we learn as a child. It is something that we become great at although memory shrinkage happens as we age. We never forget how to walk although we may find it hard to recognize or recall occurrences.
Forgetfulness: Knowing When to Ask for Help. (n.d.). Retrieved August 24, 2016, from https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/publication/forgetfulness
Hess, T. M. (2005). Memory and Aging in Context. Psychological Bulletin, 131(3), 383-406. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.131.3.383
Memory & Aging. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.ncsu.edu/psychology/graduate/conc/develop/adultdevelopment/docs/research/Hess-(2005).pdf.